Research Programme for XI Plan

  1. Genetic improvement of indigenous camels through conventional and molecular means for increasing production and productivity

  2. Activities

    • Evaluation and marker assisted selection for economic traits (faster growth, early maturity and higher milk production) of camel
    • Studies on qualitative and quantitative genetic parameters in Indian camel
    • Molecular genetic studies in Indian camel including double humped camel

  3. Adaptation of camel to climatic changes in relation to temperature, humidity index - research on stress physiology

  4. Activities

    • Gene mining for abiotic and biotic stress and application of molecular markers like HSP to assess heat tolerance capacity of camel.
    • Shelter management research in view of impending climatic changes.
    • Nutritional and managemental approaches to address the issues of adaptation under different environments.
    • Complete profiling of haemato-biochemical, hormonal, enzymatic and mineral status of camel at different stages of growth, pregnancy & lactation

  5. Assessment of draftability of camel, energy budgeting and utilization in different spheres of transportation, farm operation and power generation.

  6. Activities

    • Assessment of camel energy during cart pulling & agricultural operations.
    • Power generation through camel energy.

  7. Post-harvest processing and value addition of different camel products adhering to safety and quality parameters

  8. Activities

    • Processing, value addition and commercialization of different camel products and by-products.
    • Evaluation of camel milk for its therapeutic value and its exploitation as functional food.

  9. Camel reproduction and physiological efficiency improvement to support optimal production

  10. Activities

    • Studies on the biochemical parameters of semen for increasing its efficacy.
    • Improving the efficacy of artificial insemination in camel using existing and emerging technologies.
    • Developing suitable protocols for super ovulation and synchronization.
    • Identification of factors responsible for reproductive disorders and development of technology for countering the same.
    • Role of sexual and bio-stimulation in camel reproduction.
    • Assessment of fertility status in camel as influenced by different production environment.
    • Studies on reproductive endocrinology.

  11. Management of camel diseases through surveillance, sero-monitoring, prophylactic and control measures

  12. Activities

    • Epidemiological mapping of camel diseases in camel inhabitating states.
    • Economic impact of diseases on camel health and production.
    • Development and validation of diagnostics protocols for important camel diseases.
    • Research on feasibility and efficacy of contemporary alternate medicine in camel.
    • Exploitation of camel immune system for diagnostic and therapeutic uses.
    • Molecular cloning & characterization of cameline cytokine genes.
    • Studies on neo-natal immunity in camel.

  13. Feed resource inventerization and upscaling feeding technology for improving production

  14. Activities

    • Value addition of poor quality feed resources to improve bio-availability of nutrients.
    • Feed and nutrient requirements of camels under different physiological status and developing feeding standards for camels.
    • Identification of methanogenic archia and use of plant secondary metabolite to reduce methanogenesis.
    • Assessment of growth performance of camel calves under different feeding regimes and plugging production gaps through strategic supplementation of limiting nutrients.

  15. Development of appropriate camel management practices both for prevailing and impending climate change scenario

  16. Activities

    • Camel husbandry scenario building as influenced by socio- economic transformation.
    • Studies on precision camel farming and its contribution to house hold food and economic security.
    • Validation, refinement and propagation of evolved technologies for the upliftment of camel keepers.
    • Production of fodder crops crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) varieties.

  17. Development of human resource in the area of camel health and husbandry and linkages of national and international resources

  18. Activities

    • Training of scientists / veterinarians from line departments/SAUs / NGOs in different aspect of camel health and production.
    • Training of camel keepers/farmers on the art and science of camel husbandry.
    • Knowledge process dissemination through Kisan mela, Kisan gosthi, animal fairs, print & electronic media.
    • Organization of summer institute/ conference/ workshop.
    • Inter institutional linkages and coordination.