national-research-canter-on-camel

TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPED/ACHIEVEMENTS

TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPED

1. Value added camel milk products developed

In pursuits of transforming camel into a milch animal three had been continuous efforts in terms of selling camel milk as health drink, value added camel milk products like falvoured milk, tea, coffee and kulfi. Such technological advancement has commercial bearing on health and food industry which ultimately helps the camel owners. Camel milks and its products were sold for Rs. 2.96 lakhs during the year 2010-11 from the milk parlour of the Centre.

The following value added camel milk products have been developed, standardized and evaluated in order to promote camel milk and its products for their commercialization.
1.Camel fermented milk product (lassie)
2.Camel milk soft cheese
3.Camel flavoured milk


4.Camel milk tea & coffee
5.Camel milk ice-cream (kulfi)


6. Camel milk gulab jamun

The National Research Centre on Camel, Bikaner has launched Gulab-jamun as new value added product made out of camel mil on 15.04.2009 by dignitaries namely, Dr. Nagendra Sharama, Ex-Vice Chancellor and Chairman, RAC of NRCC and DR.C.S. Prasad, ADG (AN&P). 


7. Camel milk Peda

The mawa made up of camel milk was mixed with well powdered sugar in 3:1 ratio.  The mixture was given different shapes.  Moisture and fat contents in peda were 6-7% and 10-11% respectively.


8. Camel milk barfi

It was prepared from camel mil mawa and sugar by mixing them 4:1.5 ratios along with 10-15% chocolate powder.  Moisture and fat contents in barfi were 5-6% and 10-12% respectively.


9. Camel milk paneer
10. Camel milk butter and ghee
10. Camel milk mawa
12. Camel milk rawri

Technologies developed for industries/researchers:

1. Camel milk powder

Lyophilized skim milk powder was prepared from the raw, pasteurised and boiled camel milk.  It was white in color with normal odor and salty taste.  The per cent value of moisture and fat in skim milk powder were 5-6% and 1-1.5% respectively.   A yield of 6.8-7.6% was observed by this method.


2.Camel milk skin cream

2. Early post parturient breeding
The long gestation period (390 days approximately) coupled with seasonality of breeding (December to March) makes camel reproduction less attractive economically. Traditionally the female camels are bred in one season, calve in subsequent breeding season and then remain sexually quiescent until the following breeding season, leading to long inter-calving period and significant economic losses.

                        The research by reproduction unit of the Centre has revealed that it is possible to breed the female camels during early post-parturient period. The breeding at 30, 50 or 70 days after parturition have resulted in  successful conception in 20-25 percent of the parturient females. This is an unorthodox way of breeding reducing the inter-calving period by at least 300 days. The adoption of this technique/practice can yield 20 percent more calves from the present adult breedable female camels. This technique does not involve costly chemicals or inputs, and only require examination of females by expert. 

3. CAMEL MANAGEMENT

 

TECHNOLGICAL ACHIEVEMENTS

1. A White Camel Calf born at the Centre

A typical white coloured camel calf has born at National Research Centre Camel, Bikaner on December 14, 2010. This white coloured Mewari breed camel calf is a female and it has a birth weight of 33 kg. 

This centre has taken this initiative to develop elite herds of each breed and paid enough emphasis on concentrating the breed characteristics. With continuous selection and time to time introduction of true to the breed studs of the breed from the breeding tract, the Centre has achieved success in concentrating the breed characteristics in most animals maintained at the Centre.

 

2. The Centre has started Camel Ambulatory Clinic

The Centre has started Camel Ambulatory Clinic to have the better interface with camel farmers and to give on the spot health services.  Scientists of the Centre visit the villages thrice in a month.

 

 3. A Mini Feed Plant established at the Centre

A mini Feed plant to prepare different fodder and concentrate combination has been installed at the Centre.  Now the researchers and camel owners have the privilege to get the feed prepared as per their requirement.

 

 

4. Camel milk processing unit strengthen

In the Camel milk processing unit, Milk analyser, Ice Cream Making plant, Mini spray dryer added to the unit.

 

5. Complete Feed Block for Camel developed

The Centre has developed complete feed blocks for camels. These blocks are highly palatable, digestible, easy to store and transport.


6.  Electric Indicators for camel cart

Centre has developed technology for generation of electric current using 12 volt dry battery which can generate current easily for 20-22 hrs with the movement of camel cart wheel and it provides 2 to 5 amp. current which can be utilised easily for domestic use in villages as well as during night transport in order prevent accident etc. The cart can move smoothly without any additional stress.

 

 7. Electric generated through camel draught

 


A Power generation and agro-processing unit have been set up for studying camel draught ability and its utility in agricultural operations at the centre. This system offers a viable source of eco-friendly energy in the non-electrified rural areas with camel population.